20th Century


Éamon De Valera

Éamon de Valera bans the IRA

Prior to the civil war of 1922-1923, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) principle allegiance was to the national government assembly known as Dáil Éireann. However,…



Fianna Fáil is founded in Ireland

Fianna Fáil is founded

In 1923, the irregular troops laid down their arms, giving victory to the Free State forces.  Eamon de Valera, as Director of Operations for the…





Eoin O'Duffy

General Eoin O’Duffy (1892-1944)

Eoin O’Duffy was born in Ulster, near Castleblaney in county Monaghan. Trained initially as an engineer he later became an auctioneer. He became interested in Irish politics…


The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1920

The Anglo-Irish Treaty (1921)

The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed on 6 December 1921 in London between the British government and an Irish delegation. The signing of the Anglo-Irish agreement…





Bloody Sunday of 1920

Bloody Sunday of 1920

Bloody Sunday occurred in Dublin on 21 November 1920 and would mark a turning point for the War of Independence leaving 31 people dead in…