The Hill of Tara

Hill of Tara

Located in County Meath is the Hill Of Tara (Teamhair na Rí) known as the Hill of the Kings which runs between Dunshaughlin and Navan. The history of Tara dates back to 2000 BC making it one of the most magical places in Ireland, if not the whole of Europe.

The Banqueting Hall (not an actual hall) would have been the ceremonial entrance to the Hill of Tara and aligned to that is the mound of the hostages (read more about Niall & the Nine Hostages). This mound is the oldest section of Tara and is aligned with the sunset during the ancient Celtic festivals of Samhain and Imbolc. The Rath of the Synods sits between the mound of the hostages and the Banqueting Hall and after a number of excavations many Roman artefacts had been found dating between the 1st & 3rd centuries.

Ancient Monuments Of Tara

Other monuments include the Fort of the Kings, a circular Iron Age hill fort. Cormac’s House (Teach Chormaic) and the Royal Seat (Forradh) which are two ring forts within that are linked.

The Stone of Destiny

A standing stone is located in the middle of the Royal seat and is known as the Stone of Destiny. Its often suggested this is the Lia Fáil (stone of Ireland) brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann but this is disputed.

The Lia Fáil at Tara was used for the inauguration of the High Kings in Ireland but it was described as flat in shape so the Kings could stand upon it. The current Stone of Destiny doesn’t match the shape of typical inauguration stones used elsewhere in Ireland and Scotland so it could simply be a Standing Stone or a boundary marker.

There is suggestions the Lia Fáil was removed from the Hill of Tara and moved to Scotland, this was known as the Stone of Scone.

The Fort of King Laoghaire is located south from the Royal enclosure and this is where the king of Ireland would have been buried. It is believed he was buried in an upright position to see any enemies or grave robbers coming.

There are over 30 monuments around the Hill of Tara with many more no longer visible, this was a very special place for the Celts who settled in Ireland. Standing on the hill not far from Tara are other special places such as Newgrange passage Tomb and the Hill of Slane can also be seen giving a great sense of history of the Irish and Celtic Culture.

St Patrick & The High Kings of Ireland

When St Patrick, the patron Saint of Ireland, was roaming the country he made his way to County Meath where he lit a paschal fire on the Hill of Slane on the Easter eve. Pagan belief at the time was that at all fires should be extinguished before a new one was to be lit on the Hill of Tara. So when the paschal fire on the Hill of Slane was spotted King Laoghaire was warned by the druids that he must put the flame or he will burn. King Laoghaire called on St Patrick to the Hill of Tara in which he made his way along with his followers singing the hymn of The Lorica, now known as St Patrick’s Breat plate. Today a large statue of St Patrick stands outside the church yard on the Hill of Tara.

Related websites & sources

First published on March 13, 2010 and last modified on July 30, 2017.

About the Author

Brian O’Neill
Camera shy Brian is a proud Donegal man and regular contributor to our site.