In May of 1315 Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert I of Scotland, arrives in Ireland to help against the control of country by the Anglo Normans. Edward becomes the High King of Ireland but was killed in 1318 during the battle of of Faughart against John de Birmingham. Edwards body was cut into quarters and sent to different towns in Ireland with his head being delivered to the King of England, Edward II.
The Civil War in England at the end of the 1400’s gave Ireland a brief break from English authority and the Fitzgeralds of Kildare had Lordship of Ireland. The Irish were beginning to gain more control over Ireland with England really only having much authority in Dublin.
A turn around for the regain of control in Ireland was in 1494 with the Poynings Law was introduced; this would see that all power and government decisions would have to be passed over to Westminster in London.
This article was first published on 29-06-2010 and last modified on 17-10-2015.